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What is coeliac disease symptoms?

Coeliac disease is a condition that affects the small bowel. It occurs at any age with around one in 100 people thought to have the disease in the UK. Twice as many women as men are estimated to have the disease worldwide. Many people have Coeliac disease for years without knowing it or being diagnosed for it mostly because they don’t know what is coeliac disease symptoms or its treatment.

Coeliac disease overview

The lining of your small bowel have tiny finger-shaped projections known as villi. If you have coeliac disease and you eat foods that contain gluten (a protein found in foods, such as bread and pasta), your villi inflame and become flattened. This causes the surface area of the villi to dicrease and your small bowels stop absorbing minerals and nutrients from the food you eat properly as they should. It is important that you know what is coeliac disease symptoms in order to detect and address the disease early.

Coeliac disease symptoms

The Symptoms of coeliac disease range from mild to severe and sometimes you might not even exhibit any symptoms of the disease at all. That said, pay attention to any symptoms that resemble those of similar diseases, such as Crohn's disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Specifically, look out for the following symptoms that may indicate you actually have coeliac disease:

- Bloated abdomen (stomach)

- Pain or cramps in you abdomen

- Constipation or diarrhea

- Excessive wind

- Sudden, unexplained weight change, (usually weight loss, although it can also be weight gain.)

Sometimes symptoms of coeliac disease are unrelated to your digestive system, such as:

- Headaches

- Hair loss

- General fatigue or tiredness, and

- Mouth ulcers.

Coeliac disease complications

While gluten is harmless to people who don’t have coeliac disease, ignoring what is coeliac disease symptoms and avoiding treatment for the disease if you have it can lead to other health complications, including reduced fertility in both men and women, small increase in risk of developing cancers like oesophageal and bowel cancer and mineral and vitamin deficiency illnesses like anaemia.

See your GP as soon as possible if you ever notice any of these coeliac disease symptoms. Doing so can help reduce the risk of developing serious related complications.

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