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Sunstroke symptoms

Everyone needs the sun on their bodies. It is a great source of vitamin D. But, if you are not careful you can also get too much of it and might suffer from sunstroke. Sunstroke or heatstroke is a serious concern. Therefore, if there is a heatwave in your area or you have been out too long in the sun, watch out for sunstroke symptoms so medical attention can be given.

Defining sunstroke

Sunburn begins by overexposing yourself to the sun's UV rays. However, the sun is not the only source of UV. You can also get it from lying on tanning beds and under sun lamps. A sunstroke or heatstroke, on the other hand, can occur under the following conditions:

  • exerting efforts in the heat
  • staying indoors with no ventilation when temperatures are high
  • overexposure to the sunlight

Vulnerable groups

Old people and children are most susceptible to a sunstroke. Hence, if temperatures are high, pay close attention to them and make sure they are hydrated and cooled.

What happens in a sunstroke

Sunstroke or heatstroke is a serious condition. It can affect the vital organs of the body and may result to permanent damage if untreated. It occurs because the body cannot get rid of the heat fast enough and cannot cool itself. Hence, body temperatures rise to dangerous levels. You will know that you are suffering from a sunstroke based on the following symptoms:

  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • light headedness
  • blurry vision
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • muscle aches
  • sweating
  • hot, flushed and dry skin

In addition, the victim will feel confused and disoriented. Seizures can occur and even ensuing coma. The heart beat and rate are going to rise fast.

Treatment

Sunstroke symptoms should not be taken lightly as the condition can be life-threatening. If a person is exhibiting these symptoms, then medical assitance has to be sought immediately. Whilst waiting, the body has to be cooled by wrapping in a cold bedding or blanket. At the hospital, the victim will be immersed in an ice bath and body temperatures are monitored very closely.

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