Sunburn remedies you can do at home

At the first sign of a sunny day, we all troop out of the house without even giving a thought to sun protection. That is, until red blisters and angry patches of sunburn appear on the skin. They are painful and uncomfortable, but there are several sunburn remedies you can do at home to reduce soreness and even avoid infections.

All about sunburn

Sunburn amongst humans is caused by overexposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays. You can also get burned when you stay too long under sun lamps and tanning beds.

Once a person gets sunburns, there can be superficial damage to the top layer of the epidermis. Other instances involve severe burns where the skin is damaged, but not its depth.

A person who gets sunburn experiences the following:

* Skin redness

* Itching

* Swelling

* Blisters

* Tenderness

Sunburn remedies

* The first step is to get out of the sun or other sources of ultraviolet rays.

* Cool the burned area by running it under cool water. Applying cold compresses on the affected area is another remedy.

* Take frequent cool showers to alleviate burning sensation and discomfort.

* Apply lotions with aloe vera (for its cooling effect) on the sunburn.

* Alternatively, get a sunburn relief spray or OTC medications such as hydrocortisone cream. Follow directions of use on the leaflet insert.

* Drink plenty of water.

* For intense pain or to relieve pain, take acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen.

* Do not touch blisters. Blisters which are watery and which pop on their own should be washed and cleaned with an antibacterial soap. Keep the area dry.

* Watch out for signs of infection such as pus, pain, and tenderness. If this happens, seek medical care.

Pointers for preventing a sunburn

There are things you can do to prevent burning and avoid resorting to sunburn remedies such as the following:

* Stay out of the sun when the rays are its strongest, that is, from 10am to 3pm.

* If you must enjoy the sun, use a sunblock with at least an SPF of 15. Apply it liberally on exposed areas 30 minutes before going out.

* Wear sunglasses, hat and clothes with a tight fabric weave as the harmful rays can penetrate through water, clouds and some types of fabric.

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