An Overview of Peritonitis

Health is the most valuable possession we own and it is important that we learn how to listen and take care of it. Too often we have various aches and pains throughout our body but we don't know how serious they are and when the right time to visit the doctor is. This is a very general overview of peritonitis, and some of the symtoms and treatments for this infection.

Basic Overview


The peritonium is a thin layer of tissue that lines the inner abdominal wall and its organs. Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritonium caused by bacterial or fungal infection.

There are 2 types of peritonitis, primary spontaneous peritonitis and secondary peritonitis. The difference is that the Primary is caused by a rupture in the abdominal wall and there is then an infection of the fluid in the peritonium cavity. The secondary is caused by an infection that has spread from the digestive tract.

Some of the causes of peritonitis could be peritoneal dialysis, trauma, pancreatitis, a ruptured appendix, stomach ulcer, or perforated colon.


Here is a list of some of the common symtoms that may come with this infection:

  • - fever and chills
  • - abdominal soreness or distention
  • - fatigue
  • - nausea and vomiting
  • - extreme thirst
  • - diahrrea

If you experience a combination of these symptoms, visit your doctor right away.


This needs to be treated right away to fight the infection. It is usually treated with antibiotics, but surgery or another form of treatment may be necessary. If this is left untreated the infection will spread and could become life threatening.

Here are a few websites that may be helpful:

  • - http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peritonitis/basics/definition/con-20032165
  • - https://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/peritonitis

Doctor Visit

Peritonitis can be a serious infection on ones body. It is important to consult with your doctor or seek medical attention if you believe you or someone you know is suffering from these symptoms. They will be able to guide you in the right direction and prescribe the correct form of treatment.

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