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How to deal with nosebleeds

Nosebleeds can be scary, but they are usually harmless. If you get a nosebleed, the most important thing to remember is to stay calm. It's likely that the bleed is as a result of sneezing, blowing your nose, infection, picking, high blood pressure or a blow or knock to the nose.

How to deal with nosebleeds

1. Sit down and lean forward. This allows the blood to drain out rather than flow down your nose, which can induce vomiting. Use a bowl to catch blood and have tissues or a facecloth on hand to dab your face.

2. Pinch your nose just below the bridge. Use your thumb and index finger to squeeze gently for around ten minutes. If it is a young child who has the nosebleed, tell them to breathe through their mouth and pinch their nose for them.

3. Alternatively, try applying a cold ice pack to the back of your neck while you are leaning forward.

4. Drink a glass of water to clear your throat of blood, which could cause vomiting.

5. Try to avoid sniffing, coughing, blowing or breathing through your nose, as this can prevent blood clots from forming and stopping the bleeding.

6. Once the bleeding has stopped, remain seated for half an hour. This will help to prevent the nosebleed from reoccurring. Refrain from shouting or sudden movements, which can disrupt the blood clots.

7. Gently clean around the outside of the nose with a soft cloth. Avoid cleaning inside of the nose - this can cause the bleeding to start again.

What to do if nosebleeds don't stop...

If after ten minutes of squeezing below the bridge of your nose, the bleeding hasn't stopped - reapply pressure and try again for two further periods of 10 minutes. If the bleeding still hasn't stopped, call 999 to seek medical assistance. You should also seek urgent medical assistance if the bleeding is accompanied by dizziness or vomiting.

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