Mumps is caused by a virus. It is an infectious condition and can be spread from one person to another by inhaling respiratory droplets or direct contact. Below are mumps symptoms that you should be aware of so that proper attention and relief can be given to an infected individual.
Signs of mumps
The incubation period of mumps ranges from 14 to 18 days. Hence, if you have the following mumps symptoms, then you should get medical attention as soon as possible:
- low fever
Low grade fever will occur when you have the viral infection.
You might develop a feeling of malaise, a condition where you feel discomfort, illness or uneasiness.
Headaches are also going to be experienced.
- lack of appetite
Loss of appetite is another symtom related to mumps.
- muscle pains
Lastly, muscle pains can affect someone who is exposed to the mumps virus.
Usually on the third day of the condition, there is tenderness and swelling of the salivary (parotid) gland. No laboratory tests are needed to confirm the existence of mumps at this stage. It is, however, possible to carry out blood and urine tests to confirm suspicion of mumps.
Note that it is essential to get medical attention for mumps as serious complications can develop such as meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal chord membranes), deafness and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). Other possible compllications include pancreatitis, orchitis and oophiritis.
There is no specific treatment or therapy for mumps. But, there are things you can do to ease the pain and swelling. For example, applying cold or warm compress on the affected area can provide relief. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen can also be prescribed to patients to help with the inflammation.
Mumps is an illness that can be prevented. Vaccines against mumps can be administered. The MMR (mumps, measles and rubella) vaccine is usually given during childhood and in adult life especially when travelling to areas where mumps is prevalent. You should also be vigilant of mumps symptoms so that a person who is infected will be isolated to prevent the virus from spreading from one to another.