The symptoms and treatments of endometriosis

Endometriosis is quite a common condition in which parts of the lining of the womb can be found outside the womb, in places like the ovaries or fallopian tubes. It affects around two million women in the UK, most aged between 25 and 40. Here we will look at symptoms and treatments of endometriosis.

The cause of endometriosis is not known, but there are a few theories. There is no cure for the condition either, but there are ways of minimising the impacts of its symptoms.

The most common theory on endometriosis is that the womb lining does not clear during the period and instead remains in the body and settles on other areas. It will then continue to grow during the menstrual cycle.

Some women do not have any symptoms, and when the condition does exhibit symptoms they can vary between people. Some common symptoms are heavy or painful periods, pain during sex, fertility problems and a painful abdomen. If you notice any of these symptoms you should consult a doctor and they may refer you to a gynaecologist.

A gynaecologist can diagnose the condition with a laparoscopy. About a third of cases do not require any treatment. Although there is no cure, there are many different ways of fighting the symptoms. These could be through pain medication, hormone treatments or by surgery, but the type of treatment required will depend on many different factors. A specialist will go through your options and will advise you on the best course of action for your condition.

More research into endometriosis is being carried out in the UK and worldwide to discover the cause and try to develop better treatments. Endometriosis can affect women differently and treatment depends on many different factors. If you do notice any of the common symptoms, consult a GP and get it checked out.

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