Diabetes treatment and care
Diabetes is a disease which affects at least 3.2 million people in the UK. Unfortunately, there is no cure for diabetes yet and as such, the aim is to contain or manage the disease to prevent the onset of complications. Diabetes treatment and management depend on the type of disorder you are experiencing.
All about diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder characterised by abnormally high blood sugar or glucose levels caused by the inability of the body to produce adequate insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of sugar present in the blood. The absence of adequate insulin in the body causes the symptoms of diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes as follows:
- Type 1
This condition is also called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile-onset. More that 90% of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are permanently destroyed and as such produces little or no insulin. People with type 1 diabetes develop it before the age of 30.
People with type 1 diabetes experience excessive thirst and urination, nausea, fatigue, vomiting and weight loss. Abdominal pain is commons amongst children. Rapid and deep breathing are other symptoms.
- Type 2
Those with type 2 diabetes may not suffer from symptoms for years or decades. A few of the symptoms include extreme fatigue, increased urination and thirst. Eventually, fatigue catches up and vision will be blurred and might lead to dehydration.
Diabetes care and management
Diabetes treatment of people affected with the disease involves use of drugs, diet, exercise, and education. Those suffering from type 1 diabetes require insulin injection. Oral antihyperglycemic drugs work well on people with type 2 diabetes to lower blood sugar levels.
The most important thing to do is to keep a tight lid on the level of sugar to avoid further complications that will develop because of excessive sugar in the body. In addition, monitoring blood sugar levels also allows adjustment in diabetes treatment.
If diabetes treatment is not carried out, those suffering from this disorder might develop complications such as ulcers, bacterial and fungal infections, heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, loss of vision, and nerve damage. Hence, it is vital to manage the disease for complications can become fatal even leading to death.