What do your sinuses do? The human head has four pairs of sinuses. These control the temperature and water content of the air going to your lungs.
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is a very common condition that is caused by viral or bacterial infection. It results in the swelling of the lining of the sinuses. Symptoms include having a temperature, blocked or runny nose and pain of the face.
What are the cures for sinusitis?
For most people, sinusitis will clear up by itself without the need to see a doctor. It usually takes around two weeks to clear.
Over the counter decongestants or painkillers can be used to help fight the symptoms. If the problems persist, get worse or keeps coming back, it is advisable to see your doctor as this could be an indication of a bacterial infection, which requires antibiotics.
If you have chronic sinusitis your doctor may refer you to an ear, nose and throat specialist. In this case you may need to take steroid sprays or drops which will help reduce swollen sinuses.
If a course of antibiotics does not alleviate the symptoms, a specialist may advise surgery. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is effective at treating severe sinusitis. A surgeon will either remove the tissue blocking the sinus or inflate a balloon in the nose to open draining passages, which is known as a balloon catheter dilation. You can usually go home on the day of the surgery and doctors generally recommend taking it easy for a week.