Common acid reflux symptoms

Acid reflux is a condition characterised by a burning sensation that can travel from the stomach to the abdomen and chest . It is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heartburn and acid indigestion. We take a look at acid reflux symptoms so that relief from the discomfort can be avoided or reduced.

What it is all about

Acid reflux can be a permanent or a temporary condition. Here are acid reflux symptoms that you should be aware of:

  • heartburn

People with GERD experience heartburn which is a burning pain that starts from the stomach and moves up to the abdomen. It is an uncomfortable feeling, but the good news is it does not affect the heart.

  • regurgitation

Another symptom of acid reflux is regurgitation where the sensation of acid returning to the mouth is felt. It can be a voluntary or involuntary reflex.

  • dyspepsia

Dyspepsia is a general condition for stomach discomfort. These typical symptoms include burping, sensation of bloating, nausea and upper abdominal pain.

Controlling acid reflux

Acid reflux is not a serious condition, but the symptoms can be quite uncomfortable. Hence, it is advised not to ignore the condition and do the following:

  • make lifestyle changes

Simple lifestyle changes can have a positive impact on the frequency of acid reflux attacks. For instance, you can modify your diets or decrease consumption of alcohol and caffeinated drinks. Certain foods make the condition worse such as chocolate, citrus, tomatoes and fatty foods, so you should cut down on these kinds of consumption.

  • take over the counter medications

Antacids that are available over the counter and without prescription can be taken orally to control the symptoms of GERD.

Possible complications

In general terms, there are really no complications associated with GERD. However, there might be cases where continued or severe acid reflux symptoms can damage the esophagus. Scarring of the walls of the esophagus can occur making it difficult to swallow. It is also possible to develop Barrett's oesophagus which can form into a type of cancer. Hence, if you experience these symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

  • blood in vomit
  • black stools
  • difficulty in swallowing even accompanied by pain
  • wheezing or dry cough
  • sore throat (chronic)
  • hiccups
  • persistent nausea
  • wheezing or dry cough.

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