What are the symptoms and treatment of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis (literally meaning “porousbones”) is a disease that shows no symptoms until it has already reached a point of concern. This is the reason you should not wait for signs to appear by making sure your diet is rich in calcium and exercising regularly. If you discover that you have osteoporosis after experiencing a fracture, then it maybe too late for a treatment.

Symptoms and Risk Factors

However, it is never too late to prevent osteoporosis from getting worse. The main signs that should alert you include back pain, a deformation of the spine and losing weight without apparent reason. Besides these signs that may alert you that the disease is present, there are some other things that are considered risk factors for developing osteoporosis. The most significant of them are menopause (especially an early one), a family history of osteoporosis, severe diets, lack of dairy products in your diet, other dietary errors, such as too much salt or too much coffee, an excessive sedentary lifestyle, and long-term cortisone treatments.

Preventing osteoporosis

It is important to consume dairy products in abundance throughout your life in order to diminish the risk of osteoporosis. If from some reason you cannot do so, maybe because of lactose intolerance or allergies, you should compensate by consuming other products that are rich in calcium, such as soya, dried fruit and seeds. You should also make sure you exercise every day, even if this only means walking for half an hour. As vitamin D helps the calcium to fix in the bones, make sure you expose to sun as much as possible, as this increases your secretion of vitamin D.

If you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis, you should diminish the risks of falling, especially if you are over 70. The best approach is to stay active and have a balanced diet, as this will keep you independent and thus you will be at a lesser risk of falling. Don’t forget to seek medical advice if you feel you are unstable.

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